Overweight and obesity are among the most common health problems globally. Classifying on the basis of commonly used indicators like BMI, majority of the nations have serious health and fitness issues among population.
According to a report published in ‘Nutrients’ in Aug, 2019, the proportion of adolescent girls (15-19 years) and women (20-49 years) who were overweight more than doubled from 1.6% to 4.9% and 11.4% to 24%, respectively, in just 17 years from 1999 to 2016.
Based on a 2017 report of the National Family Health Survey in India, 13% women (15-49 years) and 9% men (15-49 years) were overweight or obese. Also, the overweight prevalence was higher in urban areas as compared to the rural areas.
World Health Organization (WHO) defines overweight and obesity as ‘the condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that could present a risk to the health of a person’.
Our body mass or weight depends on a no. of factors like calorie intake, metabolism and body structure. But, we hardly give enough time to maintain our health and fitness. Some of us don’t even bother to check if we are fit or not.
Also Read: Why am I not losing weight?
It is not tough to figure out ourselves how our lifestyle is changing rapidly in an immensely competitive workforce. The share of unfit population in our workforce, particularly in the age group 18-35, is increasing sharply. Many new domains of work, that operate on a 24*7 basis, are emerging from the rapid growth of technology.
Unhealthy eating habits and irregular resting patterns seriously affect our fitness. In addition to this, the overweight and obese people are increasing their share in our population.
Even children are getting addicted to the junk food. This addictive fast food, that is a prime killer of our health, is high in sugar and unsaturated fats. It contains little amounts of dietary fibers, proteins, vitamins, minerals, etc. and the overall nutritional value is very poor.
Overweight is one of the most common health issues globally. Therefore, we should know the prime health indicators like BMI to track of our health and fitness.
To know more, see our blog: How to maintain weight loss?
It is essential to have a healthy body composition. However, we should never take our health for granted. With a proper management of eating, resting and exercise in our daily routine, we can get perfect health and fitness.
A simple parameter that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults is the Body Mass Index (BMI). It is a proportional value considering the mass (or weight) and height of a person. Here, mass is taken in kilograms and height is measured in meters.
BMI is defined as a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his/her height in meters.
The mathematical formula to calculate your BMI is:
BMI = Mass / Height2
The Standard Unit to measure BMI is Kilogram per Meter Sq. (kg/m2).
When using English measurements, divide weight in pounds by the square of height in inches. Convert feet to inches by multiplying the value with 12 i.e. 1 foot equals to 12 inches. multiplied by 703 to convert to from kg/m2. If you take mass in pounds & height in inches, the formula to calculate BMI is:
BMI = Mass / Height2 * 703 (in lb/in2 or pounds per inches sq.)
According to WHO, BMI value can be used to indicate the body mass as given below:
- value of BMI below 18.5: Underweight
- between 18.5-24.9: Normal
- between 25-29.9: Overweight
- above 30: Obese
Also Read: Mean Body Mass Index or BMI according to WHO
Overweight and Obesity are the prime predisposing factors for major non-communicable diseases (or NCDs) like heart attack, stroke and diabetes.
However, health conditions of overweight, obesity and other related diseases can be prevented by just making the choices of healthier food and regular physical activity in our lifestyle.
Read this to know more: Exercise: The best thing that you can do for your health and fitness
Indian Journal of Community Medicine published a report few years ago, which stated that 4 diseases (Heart Diseases, Cancer, Diabetes and Chronic Pulmonary Diseases) contribute nearly 80% of all deaths due to Non Communicable Diseases and share some common risk factors, namely:
- Tobacco use
- Harmful use of alcohol
- Unhealthy diet
- Lack of physical activities
Such reports are just a vague projection of the really alarming situation. The steps taken by govt. to tackle the common health issues and to promote healthy food eating habits among young ones are not satisfactory too.
HealthSous is an Indian fitness and wellness platform which provides assistant to its users to live a healthy lifestyle.
Join us and start your fitness journey today.
We @HealthSous suggest you a better mix of workouts and balanced diet plans based on your existing BMI and fitness goals.