Overview on being over weight:-
Obesity is a very complex disease which involves an excessive amount of body fat/weight. Obesity isn’t just a concern about your outer body. It is a very serious medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems:
like heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.
There are so many reasons why some people have difficulty avoiding obesity.
Usually, obesity results from a combination of inherited factors, combined with the environment and personal diet and exercise choices.
The good news is that even the common weight loss technique can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity. Like the Dietary changes, increased physical activity and behavior changes can help you lose weight.
How can you Identify that your Obese:
When people eat more calories than they burn off, their bodies store the extra calories as fat.
A couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people keep up a pattern of eating more calories than they burn, more and more fat builds up in their bodies.
Eventually, the body gets to a point where the amount of body fat can have a negative effect on a person’s health. Doctors use the terms “overweight” or “obese” to describe when someone is at greatest risk of developing weight-related health problems.
As you’ve probably heard, more people are overweight today than ever before. Experts are calling this an “obesity epidemic.” This health problem affects young people as well as adults . One third of all kids between the ages of 2 and 19 are overweight or obese. So younger people are now developing health problems. Which affect only adults, like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes.
Obesity is diagnosed when your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. To determine your body mass index, divide your weight in pounds by your height in inches squared and multiply by 703. Or divide your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared.
BMI = Mass / Height2* 703 (in lb/in2 or pounds per inches sq.)
|30.0 and higher
For most people, BMI provides a reasonable estimate of body fat. However, BMI doesn’t directly measure body fat. So some people, such as muscular athletes, may have a BMI in the obesity category. Sometimes even though they don’t have excess body fat.
Health Problems caused because of Being Over weight:
Obesity is bad news for both body and mind. Not only can it make someone feel tired and uncomfortable. But also carrying extra weight puts added stress on the body, especially the bones and joints of the legs. As they get older, kids and teens who are overweight are more likely to develop diabetes and heart disease.
- Blount disease
Excess weight on growing bones can lead to this bone deformity of the lower legs.
Wear and tear on the joints from carrying extra weight can cause this painful joint problem at a young age.
- Slipped capital femoral epiphyses
Obese children and teens are at greater risk for this painful hip problem. SCFE requires immediate attention and surgery to prevent further damage to the joint.
Obesity is associated with breathing problems that can make it harder to keep up with friends, play sports, or just walk from class to class.
- Sleep apnea
This condition (where a person temporarily stops breathing during sleep) is a serious problem for many overweight kids and adults. Not only does it interrupt sleep, sleep apnea can leave people feeling tired . Also affect their ability to concentrate and learn. It also may lead to heart problems.
- High blood pressure
When blood pressure is high, the heart must pump harder and the arteries must carry blood that’s moving under greater pressure. If the problem continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may no longer work as well as they should. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is more common in overweight or obese teens.
- High cholesterol
Long before getting sick, obese teens may have abnormal blood lipid levels. Including high cholesterol, low HDL (“good”) cholesterol, and high triglyceride levels. These increase the risk of heart attack and stroke when a person gets older.
An accumulation of bile that hardens in the gallbladder forms gallstones. These may be painful and require surgery.
- Fatty liver
When fat accumulates in the liver, it can cause inflammation, scarring, and permanent liver damage.
- Pseudotumor cerebri
This is a rare cause of severe headaches in obese teens and adults. There is no tumor, but pressure builds in the brain. In addition to headaches, symptoms may include vomiting, unsteady walking, and vision problems that might become permanent if not treated.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS)
Girls who are overweight may miss periods or not get their periods at all — and might have elevated testosterone (the male hormone) levels in the blood. Although it’s normal for girls to have some testosterone in their blood, too much can interfere with normal ovulation and can cause excess hair growth. Also worsening acne, and male-type baldness. PCOS is associated with insulin resistance, a precursor to developing type 2 diabetes. Overweight women also might have fertility problems.
- Insulin resistance and diabetes
When there is excess body fat, insulin is less effective at getting glucose, the body’s main source of energy, into cells. More insulin becomes needed to maintain a normal blood sugar. For some overweight teens, insulin resistance may progress to diabetes (high blood sugar).
People who are obese are more likely to be depressed and have lower self-esteem.
Type 2 Diabetes
What is type 2 diabetes?
Types 2 diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels are above normal. High blood sugar is a major cause of heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, amputation, and blindness. In 2009, diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Family history and genes play a large role in type 2 diabetes. Other risk factors include a low activity level, poor diet, and excess body weight around the waist. In the United States, type 2 diabetes is more common among blacks, Latinos, and American Indians than among whites.4
How is type 2 diabetes linked to overweight?
More than 87% of adults with diabetes are overweight or obese.
It isn’t clear why people who are overweight are more likely to develop this disease. It may be that being overweight causes cells to change, making them resistant to the hormone insulin. Insulin carries sugar from blood to the cells, where it is used for energy.
When a person is insulin resistant, blood sugar cannot be taken up by the cells, resulting in high blood sugar. In addition, the cells that produce insulin must work extra hard to try to keep blood sugar normal. This may cause these cells to gradually fail.
How can I lower my risk of having health problems:
If you are considered to be overweight, losing as little as 5 percent of your body weight may lower your risk for several diseases, including heart disease and type 2 diabetes. If you weigh 200 pounds, this means losing 10 pounds. Slow and steady weight loss of 1/2 to 2 pounds per week, and not more than 3 pounds per week, is the safest way to lose weight.
It is recommend that you get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity (like biking or brisk walking). To lose weight, or to maintain weight loss, you may need to be active for more than 300 minutes per week.. You also need to do activities to strengthen muscles (like push-ups or sit-ups) at least twice a week.
Here are a few examples:
- Make half of your plate fruits and vegetables.
- Replace unrefined grains (white bread, pasta, white rice) with whole-grain options (whole wheat bread, brown rice, oatmeal).
- Enjoy lean sources of protein, such as lean meats, seafood, beans and peas, soy, nuts, and seeds.
For some people who have obesity and related health problems, bariatric(weight-loss)surgery may be an option.
Bariatric surgery has been found to be effective in promoting weight loss and reducing the risk for many health problems.
- Monitor your weight regularly– People who weigh themselves at least once a week are more successful in keeping off excess pounds. Monitoring your weight can tell you whether your efforts are working and can help you detect small weight gains before they become big problems.
- Be consistent-Sticking to your healthy-weight plan during the week, on the weekends, and amidst vacation and holidays as much as possible increases your chances of long-term success.
It’s never too late to make changes that can effectively control weight and the health problems it causes. Those changes don’t have to be big. For a start, make a plan to cut back on sugary beverages. Pass up on seconds, and get more exercise, even if it’s just 5-10 minutes a day. Build your way up to big changes by making a series of small ones.